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Chittagong Hospital

“Dhaka hospital is considered a landmark building. Naturally, we wanted SmithGroupJJR to design our Chittagong hospital too. The result is an equally impressive building with compact and clear functional solutions... accommodating all our requirements.”

—Mohammad A. Moyeen, Chairman, Vanika Bangladesh Limited

Description

Building a hospital in Bangladesh while meeting International Joint Commission requirements presents many complex challenges. SmithGroupJJR used its experience with a prior Bangladeshi hospital, uncovering synergies among the constraints. But, while the two hospitals are similar in size, Chittagong will be built on a site that is nearly 70 percent smaller.

Cultural context and space standards were the greatest challenges for this 348-bed hospital. The design required sensitivity to the climate as well as the expectations of Hindu, Buddhist, Christian and majority Muslim communities, in public and patient spaces big enough to accommodate large numbers of patients often accompanied by family members. From the segregated entrances to controlled internal circulation, the project team achieved a remarkable clarity despite the constraints—providing clear wayfinding and achieving spatial performance comparable to U.S. standards at about half the square footage per bed.

The solution to the challenge was found in the precepts of Charbagh—a Persian garden design employed most famously at the Taj Mahal—used to define the circulation and create clear organization between departments. Featuring an 11-story inpatient bed tower supported by a three-story podium, the hospital includes outpatient clinics, underground parking, a rooftop helipad, rooftop gardens, and “sky gardens” on each floor. Despite the unusually narrow site, the vertical solution accommodates the program of a state-of-the-art tertiary hospital. Most importantly, SmithGroupJJR's design achieves the hoped-for accreditation standards while remaining responsive to the realities of a developing country.

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This Healthcare Design article details Dhaka Hospital, the first hospital SmithGroupJJR designed in Bangladesh.